Course Syllabus

Latin 1A

Mizzou Academy

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Welcome

We are pleased that you selected this course to fulfill your unique educational needs. You are now a member of the Mizzou Academy's global student body.

 

Course Overview

This course introduces students to the basics of Latin vocabulary and grammar and discusses aspects of the history and culture of ancient Romans. It is designed to help students understand English better and make it easier for them to learn other foreign languages that are descended from Latin.

Gifted:: This course is academically challenging. Any student who has an interest in the subject and has met the prerequisites (if any) may enroll.

Course Objectives

 

Note: Not all of these objectives will occur in every lesson, but they are the basis for our study.

At the end of each of the lesson, students should be able to: 

Lesson 1

1.1      pronounce all Latin consonants, vowels, and diphthongs;

1.2      translate simple Latin sentences;

1.3      translate and give answers to simple questions, orally, in Latin;

1.4      understand the interchangeable nature of word order in a Latin sentence;

1.5      understand the concept of inflections; and

1.6      answer questions about Horace and Rome during his lifetime.

 

Lesson 2

2.1      distinguish between nouns of the first and second declensions;

2.2      explain how gender is expressed in Latin;

2.3      describe how Latin verbs fall into different conjugations;

2.4      explain why Latin adjectives agree with the nouns they describe in case, gender, and number; and

2.5      briefly discuss facts in Roman history.

 

Lesson 3

3.1      distinguish among, translate, and use Latin verb endings which show what ‘person’ the subject is;

3.2      identify and translate forms of the irregular verb meaning to be: sum;

3.3      identify the ‘infinitive’ form of a Latin verb and be able to translate it correctly;

3.4      identify the few, but frequently used, -io verbs in Latin;

3.5      recognize and translate nouns in the vocative case;

3.6      identify and translate Latin interrogative words and interrogative particles; and

3.7      demonstrate knowledge of Roman culture by answering simple questions.

 

Lesson 4

4.1      identify and translate nouns of the third declension;

4.2      identify and translate a Latin verb in the imperative form;

4.3      identify and translate third declension adjectives;

4.4      identify and translate forms of the Latin verb possum (to be able);

4.5      understand how Latin verbs can be compounded to create a verb with a different emphasis or meaning; and

4.6      answer questions about the life of the poet Homer.

 

Required Materials

  • Oxford Latin Course: Part I (revised second edition). Maurice Balme and James Morwood. New York: Oxford University Press, 1996.
  • The Oxford Latin Mini Dictionary (revised second edition). James Morwood, ed. New York: Oxford University Press, 1995.
  • Translations: Answers to Study Exercises  This PDF file is available to enrolled students. You may save it to your hard drive (or portable storage device) or print a copy for use while you are enrolled in this course.

OPTIONAL MATERIALS

Oxford Latin Course - CD I. Maurice Balme. New York: Oxford University Press, 2003.

Technical Requirements

The most up-to-date requirements can be found here: 

Additional requirements for the course are below: 

  • audio and video recording capabilities (e.g. smartphone, camera)

Quizzes & Assignments

You should submit all assigned work in sequence (Lesson 1, then Lesson 2, etc.) 

Quizzes

Quizzes are taken online. After you submit them, you’ll quickly receive a report on how you did. Unlike exams, you may use any assigned readings, your notes, and other course-related materials to complete graded quizzes and assignments. 

Assignments

Assignments may require you to submit your completed work in the form of a file (such as a text document, image, audio or video recording, or multimedia presentation) or a hyperlink for grading. 

Reading and Using Feedback

After your work has been graded, you will receive a report that provides individualized feedback and comments on your work. Look carefully at what you missed and read any corresponding feedback. Then study the lesson materials to make certain that you can accomplish the associated learning objectives.

Each lesson provides step-by-step instructions on how to submit your work. Be sure to check submitted work carefully for errors (e.g. spelling, grammar, and punctuation) as they may result in points being deducted.

Exams

You are required to take a proctored exam for this course.

To pass the course, you must earn a minimum of 60 percent on your exams group (see grades section below for details.) See the "About Exams" in the policies section for additional information on exams at Mizzou Academy.

Grades

Your final grade will be based on the number of points you earn on assignments and exams.

To pass the course, you must earn a minimum of 60 percent in the exams assignment group.

60percent calculation for exams.png

You will be able to see your exam percentage in the "Exams" column in your gradebook.

The following grading scale applies only to students who meet this standard:

Grading Scale
Grade Percentage
A 90–100
B 80–89
C 70–79
D 60–69
F 0–59

After completing the course, unofficial transcripts will be available in the Tiger Portal. See this page for information on requesting official transcripts. 

Mizzou Academy Policies Policies

Academic Integrity

Our academic integrity policy at Mizzou Academy is based on our values of ethical behavior, learning, and giving all stakeholders the benefit of the doubt. Collaboration, research, and technical literacy are vital 21st-century skills when combined with academic integrity. 

Definitions

Mizzou Academy's academic integrity policy is aligned with the University of Missouri’s academic integrity policy. The definitions of what constitutes "cheating" and "plagiarism"are posted on the Provost’s Advising Council’s webpage which can be found here: https://advising.missouri.edu/policies/academic-integrity

Issues Involving Violations of Academic Integrity

If, when completing any of your assignments or exams for this course, you are found to have demonstrated cheating or plagiarism as defined above, this is a violation of academic integrity. At your teacher's discretion, violations of academic integrity may be subject to either or both of the following actions: 

  • receiving a zero for the assignment or exam
  • receiving an F for the course

Accessibility

If you anticipate barriers related to the format or requirements of this course, please let Mizzou Academy know as soon as possible. If disability-related accommodations are necessary (for example, a scribe, reader, extended time on exams, captioning), please contact Mizzou Academy.

About Exams at Mizzou Academy*

*This section describes the policies of exams at Mizzou Academy. This section only applies if you have exams in your course. See the section above to see if you have exams.

ABOUT EXAMS

Your exams are online. It is your responsibility to schedule your exams. 

During exams, unless otherwise noted, you are not allowed to navigate away from the exam or use any other resources. If you deviate from the exam guidelines without proper prior permission, it is considered cheating on an exam. 

If you have exams in your course: To pass the course, you must earn a minimum of 60 percent on your exams group.

SCHEDULING EXAMS

Global Courses

First, request approval for your proctor. Allow enough time (2 weeks) for our office to receive your request and communicate with your chosen exam site and proctor. Mizzou Academy has approved exam sites throughout the United States and around the world. 

Request Exam Date and Proctor Approval Form

  • Choose a proctor and make arrangements for taking the exam.
  • At least 2 weeks prior to taking your exam, submit your proctor information to Mizzou Academy 
  • You will be sent an email notice indicating if your chosen proctor has been approved or denied.
  • Arrive at your proctor’s testing site at the scheduled time with a photo ID. At testing time, you will log into your Mizzou Academy account and select the exam for your proctor to access and administer.

You can also schedule with an online proctor using Examity. Review the information in the "Getting Started Resources (Canvas and Other Resources)" section under the "Examity" panel. in the course syllabus.

Co-Teach Courses

If you are taking a co-teach course, work with your local teacher to identify your date of the exam and how you will be proctored. You do not need to request an exam date with the above form.

HOW TO PREPARE FOR EXAMS

  • Complete and review all assignments.
  • Review the learning objectives; make sure you can accomplish them.
  • Be prepared to explain any key terms and concepts.
  • Review all the lessons, exercises, and study questions.
  • Review any feedback and/or comments on your assignments and previous exams; look up answers to any questions you missed.

Additional Course Policies and links

**Not applicable to World Language courses.

Canvas and Technical Support

Canvas is the where course content, grades, and communication will reside for this course.

Getting Started Resources (Canvas and Other Resources)

View the content below to learn more about each of these elements and how they work in your Mizzou Academy Canvas course.

Canvas Overview

Mobile Apps

If you are on a mobile device, download the Canvas mobile apps. With the apps, you can access all your courses using the Canvas mobile app, "Canvas By Instructure." Go to Google Play to download the Android version and iTunes to download the iOS version. 

View the mobile features by device

iOS

Download Canvas by Instructure on iTunes

Android

Download Canvas by Instructure on Google Play

Browser Requirements

Library, Writing, and Research Resources

Library Resources

Below are several useful library links. Click the images to go directly to the websites.

Purdue Online Writing Lab (OWL)

EBSCOhostHeritageQuestEBSCOhost

Assignments

Assignment Formatting

You might choose to download Mizzou Academy's assignment templates (docx):

Download MLA

Download APA

You may use whichever style unless specifically requested by your instructor.

How to Submit Assignments

How to submit assignments requiring multiple file types - link to Canvas Guides documentation

 How to submit assignments requiring multiple file types - link to video

 

Additional Canvas Guide documentation

The following Canvas Guide explains the different methods of submitting assignments in Canvas. Note that not all assignments will have these options available. Contact your teacher using Canvas Conversations if you have any questions. When you create a message in Canvas Conversations, select "Teachers" in the dropdown list in the "To" field.

How to submit assignments - link to Canvas Guides documentation

 

View Canvas Overview Videos

In this video, you will learn more about assignments: what they are and how to submit them through Canvas.

For more on uploading and viewing assignments, visit Assignments in the Canvas Student Guide.

~~How to Print Files to PDF

View Print to PDF for instructions on how to print a file to PDF. 

If you are submitting a file from your Google Drive account, download the file as a .PDF or .DOC and  then submit the .PDF or .DOC version in Canvas. View How to download Google doc file (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. for information on how to download a Google Doc file.

~~Turnitin

TurnItIn is a plagiarism detection service that is integrated with Canvas. It allows instructors and students to view an Originality Report of written work or other homework assignments. The system is designed to facilitate feedback between instructors and students on written work.

The University of Missouri has a license agreement with Turnitin.com, a service that helps detect plagiarism by comparing student papers with Turnitin's database and Internet sources. Students who take this course agree that all required papers may be submitted to Turnitin.com.

Students who submit papers to Turnitin retain the copyright to the work they created. A copy of submitted papers is retained in a Turnitin database archive to be compared with future submissions—a practice that helps protect and strengthen copyright ownership. Use of the Turnitin service is subject to the Terms and Conditions of Use posted on Turnitin's website at https://guides.turnitin.com/Privacy_and_Security#Terms_of_Service.

Mizzou Academy uses Turnitin, which provides tools for assignments. One of these tools is the "originality check." Note that it is not called a "plagiarism detector." That is because ONLY an instructor can determine plagiarism. 

For example, it could be that you get a 100% match (in red) on your submission. However, perhaps you are working in a group or your instructor had you submit something multiple times to different assignments within the same course. Or perhaps your class is filling out a worksheet, so all of the worksheet components would be "not original" but your content would be. 

If you are concerned about any results that you are confused about, feel free to discuss this with your teacher. 

How to Submit a Turnitin Assignment in Canvas 

There is no difference on how to submit an assignment with or without Turnitin enabled. Review the "Assignments" panel above for more information on how to submit assignments or click the link below:

How to submit assignments - link to Canvas Guides documentation

Citing Sources

Citing Sources Interactive Module

The Citing Sources Interactive Tutorial to help you with learning how to cite your sources as well as inform you about what plagiarism is, what it isn't, and how to avoid it. 

View the Citing Sources tutorial

See the OWL Resource Website for additional help in citing sources and avoiding plagiarism. 

How to Record and Submit Audio and Video

Recording and Submitting

There are many ways you can submit audio and video recordings for a Mizzou Academy course in Canvas. Your course content may refer to Audacity.  (Links to an external site.)However, you don't need to use Audacity to make an mp3 recording for your course. After all, there are many programs and apps on computers and mobile devices that will do just that! 

View How Can I Submit My Audio and Video Recordings for more information on how to submit media files.

Note: You can also submit assignments using files stored on third-party apps (e.g. Dropbox) on your mobile apps.

View the following Canvas Guides for additional information on how to record and submit audio and video files

We do NOT allow you to submit .wav files. 

 

 

How to Shoot Quality Audio and Video

The only way for you to present quality speeches (and other multimedia) to your Mizzou teacher is by uploading a video of yourself. Therefore, it's incredibly important that the audio and video quality is good enough that your instructor can see and hear everything clearly.  You might all be in different environments using various types of cameras, so rather than attempting to teach you about specific cameras, we're going to concentrate on things like lighting, background, setup and stabilization, and audio. 

Lighting and Background

  • Use a distraction-free background
  • Face windows with natural light
  • Avoid overhead lights when indoors
  • Use a lamp or two for additional lighting
  • Watch back your video to see how it looks
  • Keep trying, keep learning, and keep having fun

Setup and Stabilization

  • Don't shoot handheld
  • Use anything that can safely hold the camera steady
    • tripod and mount
    • DIY solutions (picture stand, bean bag, binder clips)
  • Place the camera level with your eyeline

Audio

  • Shoot video in the quietest room at the quietest time of day
  • Turn everything off (cell phone, TV, radio, fans, etc.)
  • Get closer to the camera
  • Avoid noisy habits (hand rubbing, clapping, etc.)
  • Use an external microphone
 

Setting Up Your YouTube (Or Other Video) Account

 
If you already have a Gmail account, then you have a YouTube account, but in case you don't, getting your account set up is the first step. Just go to gmail.com and create an account to get started. Work with a trusted adult or parent. 
 
Creator Studio
On thing to note is that you can access all of your channel's videos and privacy settings through the Creator Studio. To locate this area in your account, click the icon in the upper right corner (where you logged in) and you should see the option for Creator Studio under your login name. Once you click this, you will be taken to the dashboard area for your account.  There are a few different areas available you should be aware of: 
 
Video Manager
This section houses all of the videos on your account. You can also create playlists (lists or groups of videos with a similar topic or theme). 
 
Channel
Your content settings are located with the majority of your video and content settings. It is also where you can determine the privacy of your videos. If you click on Upload Defaults in this section, it will give you the options that you can set for all future uploads. Changing the privacy to Unlisted means that anyone with the link will be able to view your video but it won't be searchable to the public. 
 
Create
This section isn't required, but it's good to be aware that this area provides a basic video editor where you can make minor adjustments to your videos as well as add copyright free background music. 
 

Uploading a Video

Now that your account is setup, you are ready to upload your video. Here are the steps you will need to follow:
  • Click Upload in the upper right-hand corner of the screen
  • Either drag & drop the video file into the box or click on the gray arrow to select it from your files. You will notice that the privacy box will already be set to unlisted based on your privacy settings
  • This will automatically begin the upload once the file is selected, taking you to a new window:
    • Make sure the title box is correctly filled out
    • Descriptions and tags are usually left blank unless the video is public
    • Thumbnails This is what viewers will see when they first pull up your video. You can choose from a few automatic image selections, or you can upload your image
  • Once the video finishes uploading, processing, and you selected the titles/thumbnails, click "Done
  • The link to share your video will appear. Copy and paste this link to turn in your video. 

Getting Your Videos Into the Course: Uploading

If you are comfortable with recording video, transferring the file to your computer, and then uploading, this is the preferred method because some assignments (such as video journals) will have you recording multiple videos for one assignment. One problem you may run into is a camera that creates an incredibly large file. In such cases, you may need to convert the file to make it smaller.

File Conversion

Some cameras record videos that create very large file sizes. Depending on your internet connection, these larger files might have problems uploading. In these cases, you might need to convert the video to a smaller version. Look for a free video converter like Any Video Converter or Format Factory to help you. 

Getting Your Videos Into the Course: Direct Recording

Canvas does allow you to record via webcam directly into Canvas.  However, this will not be available when multiple videos are required. Another reason to shy away from this method is that if you have a hiccup in your internet connection or your computer freezes, your video will be lost, and you will have to rerecord everything. Just to save the hassle, it's better to either upload a file or provide a link to an unpublished YouTube video.

Quizzes and Exams

 In this video, we'll show you how to take a quiz/exam in Canvas.

For more on taking quizzes and exams, visit Quizzes in the Canvas Student Guide.

NOTE:  Read your Syllabus and the Quiz and Exam instructions for your course so that you are aware of the policies and how a quiz and exam is setup.  The Quizzes link may not be in the course navigation menu in your course and only accessible by clicking on Modules and clicking on the pertinent lesson. 

~~Suggestions for Taking Objective Examinations

What is an "objective examination?" Objective means that there IS a right answer (or answers), and you either get things right or wrong. An example is a multiple-choice quiz or exam. This section is here to provide you with tips on how to take objective examinations, or "exams."

Many people worry about how to do well when taking objective examinations.  What does What follows are some simple suggestions that should help you to do your best.

What do you do when you know the answer?  Silly question, right?  You mark it!

What do you do when you don’t know the answer?  This is what you want to hear!

  1. First, you need to remember that our quizzes and exams are based on the number of right answers out of the total possible.  So you should answer every question, even if it’s a guess.  There are four answer choices, so your odds when you guess are 1 in 4.  That is, on average, you should get 1 out of every 4 guesses correct.
  2. How do you narrow the odds, to make them more in your favor? If you are able to eliminate one or more of the answers as definitely wrong, you have done just that.  When you are guessing which answer is correct out of 3, then you could get one-third of your guesses correct.  When you are guessing between two, you could get half of them right.
  3. What if you see an answer choice that you absolutely have never seen before? There is a very good chance it is a wrong answer, and you can eliminate it.  Remember, you’ve read over and studied the material.  Most of the time you will know if something doesn’t belong.
  4. Does the answer make sense? A correct answer always makes sense.  Incorrect choices may, or may not.  So if a choice does not make sense in relation to the question, it is probably a wrong answer.
  5. Do not spend a lot of time on a question that is giving you trouble. Move on, and come back to it later.  Many times, you will find something in a later question or answer choice that helps you to select the answer to a question you skipped over.  This is known as making the test work FOR YOU.
  6. Above all, relax! You have been over the material.  It is all in your head.  Just take a deep breath and go at it.  YOU CAN DO IT!

Many students develop their own tricks to help themselves on objective tests.  What you see above can assist you.  But you may also rely on whatever works for you.

~~Suggestions for Taking Essay Exams

What!? I’m going to have to write!?

It is not unusual for people to be nervous about taking an essay exam.  You will have to decide what the question means, search through the memory banks of your brain, recall information that relates to the question, and then write something that is well organized and clear.  What follows are some tips that just might make this process a little less scary.

Let’s start with an essay question.

An essay question may be fairly short, perhaps only one paragraph.  They may also be longer, requiring several paragraphs to answer.  No matter how short, or long, the essay needs to be, the process is the same.  As an example, we’ll use a topic that is “medium.”

The framers of the Constitution of the United States established the Electoral College system, which provides an indirect method of electing the President.  This system should be changed to permit the direct election of the President, so the candidate who receives the greatest number of the popular vote to win election.  Agree or disagree.

Great!  Now what?

This may seem pretty long.  But you need to remember that you do not have to deal with everything in the statement.  The first thing you need to do is identify what you have to answer, and what you can ignore.  The question statement is reproduced below, with the parts you have to consider highlighted.

The framers of the Constitution of the United States established the Electoral College system, which provides an indirect method of electing the President.  This system should be changed to permit the direct election of the President, so the candidate who receives the greatest number of the popular vote to win the election.  Agree or disagree.

While everything else in the question is relevant to the topic, you are being asked to support the Electoral College system (indirect election) or the popular vote (direct election).

Next?

Write down a brief outline of what you need to do.  It would be best if you did this in order.

  • Introduction: State your position.  Do you agree or disagree. Give a preview of why you have chosen your position.
  • Body Paragraph: Explain your first reason for your position.  You might also want to state why the method you did NOT choose falls short.
  • Body Paragraph: Explain your second reason for your position.  Again, you could state why the method you did NOT choose falls short.
  • Body Paragraph: Explain your third reason, if you have one, along with why the method you did NOT choose falls short.
  • Conclusion: Restate your reasons for your position.  This is when you drive your arguments home.

What are we saying here?

There is a very simple way to look at essay writing.  No matter if the essay is one paragraph, or five, or ten.  You do the same three things. 

  1. Tell the readers what you are going to tell them (introduction).
  2. Tell them (body).
  3. Tell the readers what you told them (conclusion).

And in conclusion….

This process can be very helpful.  You need to remember:  you are probably not going to be expected to respond to every word in the essay topic.  That’s why it’s important to identify what you need to consider.  While essays from different classes will look different, the approach to them is pretty much the same.  You can even practice this skill on your own, creating topics on things with which you are familiar.  The more you practice, the easier it becomes.

Good luck!

~~Examity

About Examity

One of the options that is now available to you is to use Examity (Links to an external site.), a 100% online proctoring service. This means that instead of finding someone in-person that can proctor your test, you can instead choose Examity.

Examity does charge a fee. The Examity link located at the end of the Online Proctoring Resources module allows you to be automatically logged in to schedule your exam and pay for proctoring. If you scheduled to have your test proctored with Examity, you will also use that link to log in to Examity to begin your exam.

Next, you will need to read the detailed directions and requirements before using Examity. Examity use is not mandatory; it is only an option.

Read More Details About Examity and How To Use 

Calendar

The calendar video introduces you to the Canvas Calendar and shows you how you can stay organized by scheduling your own events.

Netiquette

Netiquette—short for "network etiquette" or "Internet etiquette"—is a set of guidelines for how to communicate appropriately on the web. As a Mizzou Academy student, you will be expected to follow these guidelines in your interactions with your instructor and fellow students.

  • Be respectful. Online, as in life, the Golden Rule applies: Treat others as you would like to be treated. There are effective ways to disagree with someone without being insulting. Keep in mind that sarcasm can sometimes be misinterpreted.
  • Use appropriate language. Avoid foul language and rude or vulgar comments.
  • Use proper grammar and spelling. Typos and spelling mistakes are bound to happen, but excessive errors are distracting. Use a browser with a built-in spell checker if you need help!
  • Respect others' privacy. Do not quote or forward personal messages or information without the original author's permission.
  • Avoid plagiarism. It is never acceptable to copy and paste the work of others and call it your own. Be sure to cite your sources correctly.

For more about appropriate online behavior, view Show Me Respect: Tips for Thwarting Cyberbullying, Cyber-Harassment, and Cyberstalking from the University of Missouri's Equity Office.

Parent Registration and Student Observation

View how to create a parent account 

Note: DO NOT view student activity on your desktop. You may be asked to merge accounts with your student; instead, download the parent app.

Download Parent App

The Canvas Parent app is the mobile version of Canvas that helps parents stay up-to-date with their student's courses. Download the Canvas Parent app on Android and iOS devices.

Canvas Parent Android Guide

Canvas Parent iOS Guide

How to Scan and Upload Your Work

Click on How to Scan and Upload Your Work  to view a Word document of this tutorial.

 

Credit

About the Developer

Scott Henderson received his BA in English Literature from the University of Missouri in 1995 and his MA in Classical Languages in 1999. He currently teaches Latin and Advanced Placement European History at the Columbia Independent School and is in the process of completing his PhD in Classical Studies. This is the sixth course he has developed for the MU High School.

 

 

Developer

Scott Henderson, MA

 

 

Copyeditors

Kathleen Foley and Alisa J. Watkins

Instructional Developers

Alisa J. Watkins and Laura Foley

 

 

Image and Multimedia Attributions

Title Graphic

This photo of the Pont du Gard is from Wikimedia Commons courtesy of Bouba. This image is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution ShareAlike 1.0 License.

 

Lesson 1: Salvē, Quinte! (Greetings, Quintus!)

Figure 1.1: This image of Horace is from Wikimedia Commons courtesy of Gabor. This image is in the public domain.

Figure 1.2: This photo of the Pompeii ruins is © iStockphoto/roc8jas.

 

Lesson 2: Down on the Farm

Figure 2.1: This image of a Roman farm scene is © 2008 JupiterImages Corporation.

Figure 2.2: This photo of the Parthenon is from Wikipedia courtesy of Tbc. This image is in the public domain.

 

Lesson 3: Going to Town

Figure 3.1: This photo of the Roman Forum is from Wikimedia Commons courtesy of Stefan Bauer. This photo is licensedunder the Creative Commons Attribution ShareAlike 2.5 License.

Figure 3.2: This image of a woman with a stylus is from Wikimedia Commons courtesy of Gryffindor. This image is in the public domain.

Figure 3.3: This image of a satyr is © 2008 JupiterImages Corporation.

 

Lesson 4: "Sing, Goddess…"

Figure 4.1: This image of a bust of Homer is from Wikimedia Commons courtesy of JW1805. This image is in the public domain.

Figure 4.2: This photograph of Hector's body is from Wikimedia Commons courtesy of Marie-Lan Nguyen. This image is in the public domain.

Figure 4.3: This painting, Odysseus and the Sirens (1891), by John William Waterhouse, is from Wikimedia Commons courtesy of Bibi Saint-Pol. This image is in the public domain.

 

Lesson 5: Arma virumque canō…

Figure 5.1: This photo of a bust of Caesar Augustus is from Wikimedia Commons courtesy of Bibi Saint-Pol. This image is in the public domain.

Figure 5.2: This photo of the image on a piece of pottery is from Wikimedia Commons courtesy of Napoleon Vier. This image is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2.

Figure 5.3: This photograph of a wooden horse is from Wikimedia Commons courtesy of Ross Burgess. This image is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2.

 

Acknowledgments

Translations: Answers to Study Exercises

Extract from Oxford Latin Course Part I Teacher’s Book 1 by Maurice Balme and James Morwood (2e, OUP, 1996), reproduced by permission of Oxford University Press.

 

Rights holders of any materials not credited on this page should contact Mizzou Academy

Every effort has been made to contact the copyright holders. Rights holders of any materials not credited on this page should contact Mizzou Academy.

 

Course Summary:

Date Details